Sustainable Agri-Tech Development in Arid and
Semi-Arid areas Programme

Sustainable Agri-Tech Development in Arid and
Semi-Arid areas Programme

About SATDAS

Sustainable Agri-Tech Development in Arid and Semi-Arid areas Programme (SATDAS) aims in creating Sustainable Agriculture and Technology Development system that would be used in Arid and Semi-Arid areas in Kenya and other Sub-Saharan countries in Africa. SATDAS is characterized by intensive research and development of innovative systems, rooted in the need to overcome local scarcities of water and arable land. The industry’s growth will arise from the close cooperation among researchers, governments, extension agents, farmers and agriculture-related industries, cooperative efforts. These in turn will fostered a market-oriented agribusiness that will exports its agro technology solutions worldwide. The result will be a modern agricultural methods, systems and products in a county (ies) where more than half the area is desert. The project aims to optimize and use dry areas in production of agricultural products.

This programme is not only beneficial in terms of increased food production but also production of water to the community (ies) and renewable energy(ies) (i.e. solar system energy that uses an energy source (the sun)) that is consistently available especially in arid and semi-arid areas.

Satdas Goals

Goal 1. Termination Of Poverty

Goal 2. Develop Agricultural Systems And Elevate Rural Prosperity

Goal 3. Transform Governance For Sustainable Agricultural Growth

Goal 4. Curb Human Induced Climate Change And Safeguard Sustainable Energy

Goal 5. Attain Health And Well-being At All Ages

Goal 6. Guarantee Effective Agricultural Education For Women And Youth For Life And Livelihood

Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

Africa’s agriculture remains the core backbone of Africa continent. The majority of inhabitants living in rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa are engaged in small-scale agriculture. Small-scale agriculture is, and will remain, the dominant means of income for the majority of rural households. Agriculture continues to diminish, and supplies most of the continent’s food needs, though profitability in export sectors has declined sharply in recent years. Among the numerous problems the crop-growing sectors have contended, crop pest & disease, post-harvest losses and water scarcity remains the principal and growing threats. In the realm of food security, the reduction of Crop Pest & Diseases post-harvest losses has been identified as a way to boost production. This is in addition to the ongoing introduction of new water sources, coupled with altered irrigation methods and more water efficient crops. Henceforth, expanding the area used by commercial agriculture for staple crops, expanding irrigated agriculture and increasing the use of yield enhancing inputs, therefore promises long-term security.

In Sub-Saharan Africa as much as 50% of fruits and vegetables, 40% of roots and tubers and 20% of cereals, legumes and pulses are lost before they even hit the market. In recent years Pest & Diseases and Post-Harvest losses have also contributed to problems with food safety. Poor food handling, including poor storage and sanitation, may also result in food losses. Food safety standards and practices have been put in place in Africa but not all are feasible for adoption by small farmers and traders due to lack of adequate cash (as such adoption is costly). More must be done to help people who fall into these groups if the continent is serious about tackling food loss.

By the year 2030 Africa’s continent population is expected to grow by almost a half, between 1.65 billion and 1.71 billion and by about a half 2.5 billion- 2.8 billion by 2050 (United Nations and (Euro-monitor International). This will cause huge increases in demand for agricultural produce and products; but urban use of land and water will also increase enormously. The amount of fresh water allocated for agriculture will be reduced radically, by 50%, in 2040. By 2020 it is unlikely to exceed this amount, and may well be considerably less. At the same time, the amount of suitable land available for farming will also be some 34% less than at present. Part of the higher demand notably for field crops (such as cereals, vegetables and sugar) and for milk products, fish and beef will have to be met by increased imports. Nevertheless, a substantial part of the additional requirements will have to come from increased domestic production. Sweeping changes like a 28 % increase in the labor force and a reduction in irrigated field crops, such as rice will be required to make water available for growing fruit and vegetables for the local market.

Problems directly addressed

Poverty
Hunger
Water Scarcity
Climate Change
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
Work and Economic Growth
Sustainable Communities

Problems indirectly addressed

Good Health and Well-being
Quality Education
Gender Equality
Affordable and Clean Energy
Reduced Inequality
Responsible Consumption and Production
Life Below Water
Life on Land
Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

Energy in Sub-Saharan Africa

In Africa’s close to 860 million people are still without access to electricity in sub-Saharan Africa, 83% from rural regions and 17% from peri-urban. In rural regions, 78% of the rural households are still using traditional stone fires while in urban areas slightly above 9% use these highly polluting and environmentally damaging biomass use. Access to other modern energy services for social & economic activities is better in urban areas than rural areas where poverty is more acute. The lack of access is exemplified by the marginalized Sub-Saharan countries in Africa where) has recorded 85.5% of the population use traditional fires.

Equitable access to energy services is an essential element of sustainable growth. In particular access to modern energy services is crucial to achieving SDGs; however, only 33% of Africans (approximately 440 million out of 1.3 billion) have access to grid electricity, most of whom live in urban areas. Access to other modern energy services for cooking and heating is better in urban areas than rural areas where poverty is more acute.

Through SATDAS programme the following issues will be addressed: This programme is not only beneficial in terms of increased food production but also production of water to the small-holders farming and rural marginal community (ies) and renewable energy(ies). The programme is intended to assist Sub-Saharan marginalized small scale farmers and Africa as a continent in its development through the development and use of modern agricultural and clean energy technologies by ensuring support and funding, research, design and development, social/logistical aspects, economic feasibility assessment, policy and regulatory frameworks. The projects will identify, assess and remove some of the barriers that inhibit wider adoption and use of sustainable agriculture and clean energy services. This project will support sustainable agriculture and energy activities aimed at reducing overall poverty and achieving sustainable development objectives at national and regional levels. It will promote sustainable agricultural and clean energy technologies as a way of adapting to and also mitigating the negative effects of climate change at local levels.